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Cleansing is the most important skincare act but how do you cleanse your face properly without damaging the skin barrier? A good cleanser not only removes dirt, toxins, and bacteria from the skin but also protects the skin’s acid mantle thereby protecting the skin’s barrier.
Cleansing makes you feel good and refreshed. It also enhances beauty so choosing the right cleansers helps the skin. A lot of people tend to love that squeaky tight feeling after cleansing thinking that all impurities are gone. Well, impurities are gone but the skin barrier is also weakened at the same time.
Which brings about the question; how do you cleanse your face properly without compromising the skin barrier? Before answering this question, let us know the types of cleansers.
Types of cleansers
There are two major types of cleansers which are foaming and non-foaming cleansers.
Foaming cleansers contain surfactants in them. Surfactants are what make it soapy and they are excellent at removing excess oil and dirt from the skin. But due to the alkalinity of foaming cleansers, they can cause redness, irritation, itchiness, and damage to the skin barrier. So care must be taken when choosing foaming cleansers.
When choosing a foaming cleanser look for mild surfactants with a low PH. One of the harshest surfactants found in cleansers is Sodium Lauryl Sulfate or SLS while one of the mildest surfactants is Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate, Cocamido propyl betaine.
Another type of cleanser is non-foaming cleansers, they contain little to no surfactants. They are generally mild on the skin but somewhat less efficient in cleansing compared to foaming cleansers. This is where you will find cleansing oil and cleansing balms to remove makeup and sunscreens.
Choosing a foaming and a non-foaming cleanser is solely based on your preference and your skin type.
How to cleanse your face properly
Start by wetting your face with lukewarm water. Then check whether it is a foaming or a non-foaming cleanser. Foaming cleansers could have either mild or harsh surfactants. Go for mild surfactants for foaming cleansers.
The continuous use of harsh surfactants causes a weakened skin barrier. When the skin barrier is weakened, bacteria and toxins that are present on the skin surface can easily penetrate the skin and cause further damage. You might experience dryness, irritation, highly sensitive skin, or even breakouts after cleansing.
Cleansers For Different Skin Conditions
Cleansers For Oily and Combination Skin
People with this skin type may choose a foaming cleanser over a non-foaming cleanser. The foaming cleanser should have mild surfactants that will not affect the skin’s acid mantle.
A cleanser that foams moderately leaving the skin fresh and clean but not too tight is preferable.
Cleansers For Dry And Combination Skin
People with this skin type may choose a foaming cleanser specifically designed for dry skin. It is preferable to cleansing milk. Choose a foaming cleanser that lathers slightly and leaves the skin soft. In addition, a cleanser with more emollient keeps the foam from stripping oil from the skin’s surface.
Cleansers For Very Oily Skin
People with this skin type tend to notice oiliness around 10 to 11 o’clock in the morning. The pores are so enlarged that they almost never have dryness. If you have really oily skin, go for cleansers that foam in order to remove the excess oil for clearer skin.
You may notice exfoliants in this type of cleanser, they are there to loosen the skin surface cells for more radiant skin.
Cleansers For Acne Prone Skin
This skin type may develop acne frequently and they need cleansers that can actively kill bacteria causing acne. This type of cleanser is very close to the ones chosen for oily skin except that it contains antimicrobial properties to kill bacteria. You may find Benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid in these cleansers.
Cleansers For Dry And Sensitive Skin
People with sensitive skin have fragile skin that reddens easily because it is thin. Cleansers for this skin type should be really lightweight such as it doesn’t contain common irritants. Choose cleanses with low PH that contains lots of water-based ingredients. This type of cleanser also removes excess make-up from the skin.
Cleansing is the basic act of skincare that prepares the skin for other products to penetrate and work effectively on the skin. So it is important to choose the right cleanser and check the PH of the cleansers before to avoid weakening the skin barrier. These tips are on how to do face cleansing properly without damaging your skin.
I hope you found this post helpful in choosing the right cleanser. What is your favourite cleanser and how has it helped your skin? Let me know down in the comment box below.